Ear infections, as a rule, are divided into those that occur in the auditory canal and those that develop in a small space behind the tympanic membrane (in the middle ear).
The infection of the external auditory canal, caused by different types of bacteria, and which is the result of a long stay in the water, is external otitis, whose treatment is easier compared to more complicated kinds of ear infections. The increased incidence of external otitis occurs in the summer months, that is, during the swimming season, when children and their parents enjoy beach rest and bathing. Frequent diving and long swimming are the cause of bacteria and fungi entering the ear, which contributes to the development of infection. People who do not swim can also get ear inflammation due to the use of sharp objects to clean their ears.
Otitis. Symptoms and types of disease
Otitis is most common among children. Treatment of child’s otitis depends on many factors, but the most important are the age of the child and the type of otitis. According to statistics, almost every three-year-old child has had at least once an otitis, because in the child’s body there are not enough antibodies that are able to fight with bacteria and infections coming from outside. In addition to external otitis, there are several different types of this disease, which can take several different forms and lead to different consequences.
Otitis media is the most common cause of earaches. Although this disease is associated with childhood, it can also occur among adults. Infection in the middle ear very often accompanies a cold, flu or other types of respiratory infections. This is because the middle ear is connected to the upper respiratory tract by the Eustachian tube, and the microbes that multiply in the nasal sinuses can go up in the middle ear and provoke an otitis media, the treatment of which must be under the supervision of the doctor.
Chronic otitis is a term that is used to describe a number of signs and symptoms that are the result of prolonged inflammation of the middle ear. Symptoms of such a problem can be:
- a hole in the tympanic membrane;
- Scars or slight erosion of the middle ear;
- chronic or repeated discharge from the ear;
- accumulation of fluid behind a damaged drum-like septum.
Chronic otitis, the treatment of which will not be brought to an end, can cause complications, for example, purulent otitis. Treatment of complications can take a lot of time, effort and, of course, health, so it is best to treat the disease at its initial stage.
How to treat otitis correctly, adequately and at the same time do no harm to the health can only tell a qualified specialist.
In the network of clinics “Healthy Tonsils” we can help you. Call the phone numbers indicated at the top of the page and come to us.