Pharyngitis

How and with what to treat pharyngitis correctly know only experts in this field of medicine who can help you in our ENT-centers in Kiev.

Pharyngitis (from the Greek pharynx) – inflammation of the lymphoid tissue and pharyngeal mucosa. Distinguish between chronic (pharyngitis chronica) and acute (pharyngitis acuta). Chronic pharyngitis, as a rule, is the outcome of acute, and in turn, is divided into several subspecies.

Acute pharyngitis

An independent disease, but it can also be a manifestation of acute respiratory viral infections. For the emergence of acute pharyngitis in the human body there are several reasons that must be avoided, namely:

  • eating not only very cold, but also hot (!) food;
  • inhalation of harmful contaminants or cold air.

Acute pharyngitis symptoms:

  • pain and dryness in the throat when swallowing;
  • the general condition of the organism is disturbed a little and the body temperature usually does not increase (under condition of independent flow, and not appearance on the background of SARS!);
  • with visual examination of the pharynx, acute reddening of the soft palate, palatine arch and posterior wall is evident due to their inflammation.

How and with what to treat pharyngitis you may ask, but it’s pretty simple. First of all, you need a gentle pharynx diet, which consists in taking a warm, soft, non-irritating mucous throat food. Secondly, periodic cleaning of the mucous membrane and its warming are necessary, for which rinsing with warm alkaline potions, as well as decoctions of herbs (usually chamomile and sage because of their antimicrobial properties) is used.

Chronic pharyngitis. Treatment

Chronic pharyngitis is usually the outcome of acute pharyngitis. Its evolution is promoted by sinusitis, rhinitis, diseases of the digestive tract, as well as the abuse of alcohol and smoking. During pharyngoscopy (visual examination of the pharynx), depending on the degree of changes in the mucosa of the posterior wall, chronic pharyngitis is divided into several types:

  • Atrophic or dry pharyngitis (chronica atrophica) – mucous membrane of throat is thinned, smoothed, dry, sometimes covered with viscous thick mucus;
  • hypertrophic pharyngitis (chronica hypertrohica) – the mucous membrane of the pharynx and the elements of the lymphoid tissue in it are thickened and hyperemic;
  • catarrhal pharyngitis (chronica catarrhalis) in which the mucous membrane of the pharynx is hyperemic and covered with clusters of thick mucus.